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Sunday, February 7, 2010


On 3 February 2010, we have learn about Chapter 1; Introduction to Critical Thinking. Actually, the topic was presented by my classmates ( Aizat, Ashraf, Asri, Nick, Zul dan Gee ). The first presenters are Aizat and Ashraf. They presented Chapter 1 but from the page 1 until page 12. As I can say here, Critical Thinking is something different because;

• Critical thinking is the general term given to a wide range of cognitive skills and intellectual dispositions that needed to effectively identify, analyze, and evaluate arguments and truth claims.

• Besides that, we have to be a critical thinker because we have to discover and overcome personal prejudices and biases.

• To formulate and present convincing reasons in support of conclusion.

• Lastly, to make reasonable, intelligent decisions about what we have to believe and what we have to do.

Other than that, I also learn about Critical Thinking Standards. There are some standards of critical thinking;

• Clarity - critical thinkers is not only striving for clarity of language but also seek maximum clarity of thought.

• Precision - critical thinkers should understand the importance of precise thinking in daily life.

• Accuracy - critical thinkers do not merely value the truth but they have passion for accurate, timely information.

• Relevance - critical thinkers should know the importance of staying focused on relevant ideas and information.

• Consistency - Logical Inconsistency and Practical Inconsistency should be avoided. ( Logical Inconsistency_involves saying or believing inconsistent things about a particular matter, Practical Inconsistency_involves saying one thing and doing another )

• Logical Correctness - to be a critical thinker, we need accurate and well-supported beliefs and at the same time, we need to be able to reason from those beliefs.

• Completeness - thinking is better when it is deep rather than shallow, thorough rather than superficial.

• Fairness – critical thinking demands that thinking be fair that’s meant open-minded, impartial, and free of distorting biases and preconceptions.

Additionally, at that day, we also learned about The Benefits of Critical Thinking. This subtopic was presented by Asri and Nick. There are some of the benefits of critical thinking. However, it can be divided into 3 conditions such as classroom, workplace, and life. Firstly, in a critical literacy, I can say that variety of skills that can greatly improve in classroom performance. There are 3 skills that I have learned such as, understanding the arguments and beliefs of others, critically evaluating those arguments and beliefs, and developing and defending one’s own well-supported arguments and beliefs.

Besides that, I also learned the benefits of critical thinking in the workplace. When a person be a quick learners that can solve problems, think creatively, gather and analyze information, draw appropriate conclusions from data, and communicate their ideas clearly and effectively, these are exactly the kinds of generalized thinking and problem-solving skills.

Other than that, in life, critical thinking can help us avoid making foolish personal decisions and at the same time it also can avoid mistakes by teaching us to think about important life decisions more clearly. In addition, critical thinking also plays an important role in promoting democratic processes.

We also learned about some barriers to critical thinking. There are a lot of barriers to critical thinking but, in our lesson, it focusing on 5 major barriers such as egocentrism, sociocentrism, unwarranted assumptions and stereotypes, relativistic thinking, and wishful thinking.

As I can say here, egocentrism is the tendency to see reality as centered on oneself or in another term is selfish. The other aspect is sociocentrism. This aspect means that group-centered thinking. Besides that, unwarranted assumptions and stereotypes are things that we take for granted without good reason. It’s means that we cannot simply say to a particular person. Relativistic thinking is also one of the aspects that involved in the barriers to critical thinking. This aspect shows how we can be an open-minded person. Last but not least, wishful thinking. It means that, believes something because it will make one feel good, not because there is good reason for thinking that it is true.

Apart from that, we also discussed about the Characteristics of a Critical Thinker. This subtopic was presented by Zul and Gee. Actually, critical thinkers exhibit a number of traits that distinguish from uncritical thinkers. As I can say here, the most important of these traits are;

• A passionate drive for clarity
• Precision
• Accuracy
• Careful
• Disciplined thinking

However, a sensitivity to the ways in which critical thinking can be skewed by egocentrism, wishful thinking, and other psychological obstacles to rational belief are honesty and intellectual humality, open-mindedness, intellectual courage, love of truth and intellectual perseverance…
On 4 February 2010, Miss Wanie has divided us into 5 groups to discuss about 10 elements of the article entitled “Battling the Bullies”. These are the 10 elements that I can explain about the article…..;

• Topic; ( The article focus on the problem of bullying that occurred in school )

• Content; ( The article covers on 4 minor content such as ‘what’, ‘when’, ‘where’, and ‘who’…)

- what ( bullying among students at school ), when ( 2003 ), where ( a school in Australia ), who ( Ms Watson’s son, Ms Watson, bullies, the principal )

• Source; ( The article comes from selected newspaper )

• Audience; ( The article is written for students, teachers, parents and public readers )

• Rhetorical function; ( The article is designed to advice and inform the readers )

• Purpose; ( The article aims to advice and inform the students, teachers, parents, and public readers about the problem of bullying that occurred in school )

• Perspective; ( The stance taken in the article is positive because the writer of the article wants to tell the audience on how a student can be traumatic of bullying and at the same time, the writer also can give some advise based on the experts that have selected )

• Positioning; ( The article describe “Despite the seriousness of the bullying, the victimized teenager had kept his pain hidden” as the victim of the bully cases tend to hid their pain from their parents because of afraid being bullied again )

• Impact; ( The effect on the audiences is likely to be alert with what happens in their real life )

• Visual literacy; ( The visual aspects of the text are significant because it shows how a student being bullied and the picture also can attracted the audiences about the bullying in school as a serious problem. Other than that, the picture also give a reason to reinforce the statement of the article’s topic that sounds like; “Battling the Bullies” )

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